1954 Kumbh Mela Stampede
The first New Moon festival after India’s independence was marred by a horrific stampede in Allahabad. The festival takes place once every 12 years, so a massive crowd turned out to see a gathering of politicians and holy men. The people were crowded into a small strip of land on the Ganges River, and had little room to move, or anywhere to contain the growing mass. Poor crowd control led to a series of barriers being breached by the throng, and the stampede that followed killed around 800 people. Another stampede took place in Allahabad in 2013, killing 36.